• On October 7, 2021, India officially joined the High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People at an event hosted by the French and Indian governments. HAC is a coalition of 70 countries advocating for the implementation of the worldwide objective of 30×30 (protecting 30% of the world’s land and ocean by 2030).
  • India is the first BRICS bloc of major developing nations (Brazil, India, Russia, China, and South Africa) to join the High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People, according to an official announcement from the Union Environment Ministry.
  • The country’s decision to join the HAC comes as China prepares to host a high-level biodiversity summit from October 11 to 15. Secretary, Rameshwar Prasad Gupta, Forest and Climate Change, Ministry of Environment, handed over the signed agreement to Emmanuel Lenain, Ambassador of France to India.



  • While expressing his satisfaction at India’s admission to the HAC, Rameshwar Prasad Gupta stated that resource mobilisation will also be a cornerstone for the execution of policies and programmes to protect biodiversity. He also stated that India will provide all necessary assistance to fulfil the global biodiversity objectives.
  • On the eve of the start of COP 15, the Ambassador of France to India remarked that India’s decision to join HAC, which was begun at the ‘One Planet Summit in Paris in January 2021, is a genuine game-changer and would assist enhance multilateral efforts.
  • The French envoy stated that this alliance intends to establish an international accord to conserve at least 30% of the world’s land and ocean by 2030, citing India as a significant role in biodiversity conservation.


30×30 TARGET OF HAC – 

  • There is mounting evidence that half of the earth must be left in its natural form to overcome the climate and biodiversity crises. Some research implies that the figure should be even higher, while others say that it should be slightly lower.
  • Experts from all across the world believe, however, that achieving a minimum of 30% protection by 2030 is a scientifically feasible and essential intermediate objective.


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