• The 26th UN Climate Change Conference aims to solidify the Paris Agreement’s pledges. Its precise concerns are as follows:
  • achieving global net-zero carbon emissions by the middle of this century and limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius by the end of the century
  • Adapting to protect communities and natural habitats on the frontlines of global warming-related extreme weather events.
  • Ensure that the industrialised world raises at least $100 billion per year in climate funding.
  • Accepting the terms under which the entire world can work together to address the challenge as a whole.



  • The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was initially signed by 154 countries in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in June 1992.
  • It was drafted as a treaty to prevent “dangerous human intervention with the climate system,” principally through stabilising greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, which cause global warming due to their dispersion.
  • The UNFCCC framework calls for continued scientific research collaboration. It also advised that world governments hold regular meetings, negotiations, and policy agreements to ensure that fragile ecosystems are not harmed by climate change, that global supply remains unaffected, and that economic progress may continue sustainably.


CoP –

  • The Climate Change Conferences of UN are annual gatherings organised under the auspices of the UNFCCC.
  • The conferences are the formal gathering of UNFCCC Parties to examine progress in combating climate change. The inaugural United Nations Conference on Climate Change was held in Berlin in 1995. The Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement are also being negotiated at the summits.

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