WFP-ICRISAT SIGNS CLIMATE RESILIENT FOOD SECURITY AGREEMENT IN INDIA | UPSC EXAM

INTRODUCTION

  • As per the agreement between the World Food Programme and the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) have collaborated on programmes and research to improve India’s food security, nutrition, and livelihoods. On September 23, 2021, WFP India representative and country director Bishow Parajuli and Director-General ICRISAT Jacqueline Hughes signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU).
  • “The WFP-ICRISAT cooperation strives to provide ideas and frameworks for policy positions that are important not only for India, but for the world at large,” said ICRISAT Director-General Jacqueline Hughes. The signing of the WFP-ICRISAT cooperation coincides with the UN Food Systems Summit in 2021.

 

SIGNIFICANCE OF WFP-ICRISAT –

  • Climate crises and shocks, such as the COVID19 pandemic, have worsened the worldwide famine crisis and represent a danger to food security, nutrition, and the livelihoods of millions of people.
  • Climate-resilient food security, nutrition, and livelihoods are priority topics for ICRISAT, particularly for ecologically fragile populations and smallholder farmers. The impact of climate change on food security and agriculture was highlighted in the IPCC’s most recent 6th Assessment Report.
  • The WFP-ICRISAT cooperation bolsters efforts to bring together knowledge, research, and implementation frameworks to improve climate-resilient food security, nutrition, and livelihoods. The collaboration is significant because it will focus on risk assessments at the state level in India and will aim to develop a sustainable food systems strategy.

 

ABOUT WFP AND ICRISAT–

  • The WFP in India and ICRISAT will collaborate to promote research, advocacy, and education on traditional nutritious crops, as well as conduct food and nutritional security analyses and adjust tactics.
  • The United Nations World Food Programme, founded in 1961, is the world’s biggest humanitarian agency, focusing on promoting prosperity, saving lives in crises, and ensuring a sustainable future for those affected by catastrophes, war, and climate change.
  • ICRISAT is a non-profit, non-political multinational organisation that undertakes agricultural research for development in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa and its partners aim to enable the world’s poorest people to overcome the dangers of poverty, hunger, and environmental degradation through improving agriculture.

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